Shute & Merchant
once located at the Head of the Harbor in Gloucester Massachusetts

Shute & Merchant

The men who founded Shute & Merchant acquired the land that was home to their business by way of it having been in the family for a number of decades. From about 1829 - 1848 Epes Merchant and his sons were in business under the name of Epes Merchant and Son. Originally that business was focused on "outfitting", and later expanded to include a small fleet of vessels.

An 1851 map of the Gloucester inner harbor, indicates that Epes Merchant and Son owned wharves on both the western and Parker Hill areas at the head of the harbor. It was the wharf and land located by Parker's Hill that eventually became home to Shute & Merchant. At some point in time the wharves once owned by Epes to across from those on Parker's Hill were eventually home to the Sylvanus Smith Fish Company.

One of the first homes James L. Shute owned was at 8 Prospect Court, which afforded him a view from the rear of the house across the inner harbor to the Shute & Merchant wharves, and perhaps this was the reason for the decision to live at that location.

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1851 map detail

This map from 1876, while oriented differently from the others, provides some great information about the buildings on the Shute & Merchant property. All of the dimensions for the buildings have been recorded, as well as the measurements and general descriptions of the property as a whole. Clearly, this was no small enterprise, but it was also not the largest fish firm of this sort located along the Gloucester inner harbor.

A photo of the firm's smokehouse was included in the 1898 Bulletin of the U.S. Fish Commission, along with several other photos showing portions of Gloucester fish establishments. Gloucester played a significant role in the fisheries of the United States, and quite a bit of information about the industry was gathered for each of these important publications, which are still published every year.

A section from a Proctor Brothers book about the Fisheries of Gloucester notes that in 1876 there were thirty-eight fishing firms and establishments in Gloucester Harbor, Shute & Merchant among them.

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1876 map showing Shute & Merchant

In 1884, Shute & Merchant was one of four fishing firms located on the old Parker's Hill area on the Land at the Head of the Harbor. A total of twelve businesses were located along the shore line of the Inner Harbor.

Two years prior to the map image, Shute & Merchant still maintained its own small fleet of fishing vessels. That year they still had 8 vessels, which was down from the 15 they owned according to an 1874 record. During the time the company had vessels, they lost three at sea. Those were the Sch. J. G. Dennis, lost in 1864, the James L. Shute, lost in April or May 1876 and the William T. Merchant, lost in December 1876.

In addition to the two vessels named for the owners, of Shute & Merchant, in 1874, they also owned the Eliza Abby, which appears to have been named in honor of their wives. Wm. T. Merchant married Eliza Wonson and J. L. Shute married Abby Merchant, Wm. T.'s sister.

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1884 map

Shute & Merchant 2016